Women Reservation Bill: Will it take many more years for women to get ‘power’?

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Women’s Reservation Bill in Parliament: The new Parliament of the country is now going to praise women power. The official name of the bill which provides for 33 percent reservation for women in the Lok Sabha and Assembly is the Constitution (128th Amendment) Bill 2023, but Prime Minister Narendra Modi has named it Nari Shakti Vandan Act. This bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday (19 September). With the kind of numerical strength that BJP has, it is expected that the bill will not only be passed in the Lok Sabha, but there will be no obstruction in the Rajya Sabha as well.

In such a situation, the biggest question is whether this bill will be implemented and if yes, when and how will it be implemented? Will the law be implemented in the five states where assembly elections are held or will it be implemented during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Or we will have to wait a longer time for this.

Call it the Constitution (128th Amendment) Bill 2023 or the Nari Shakti Vandan Act and or the Women’s Reservation Bill. It has been presented in the Lok Sabha. In such a situation, what will happen if this bill is passed in this special session of Parliament and becomes law? Will this law be implemented immediately? Will there be assembly elections in five states and then Lok Sabha elections after the implementation of this law? Will this law affect the upcoming assembly elections in five states and then the Lok Sabha elections?

The answer is no. Actually, the answer lies in this bill itself, which has been introduced in the Lok Sabha. In the bill presented by Law Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal in the Lok Sabha, it has been made clear that this law will not be implemented until the census and delimitation is done.

Delimitation will happen after census
Delimitation will take place after the census data is published and only then the Constitution Amendment Bill 2023 will be implemented, which will be valid for the next 15 years from the date of implementation. This means that the census of the country will be conducted first.

Difficult to implement the law in 2024
Let us tell you that this census was to be held in 2021, but it has not been done yet. Now nothing can be said about when this will happen. After the census, there will be delimitation, that is, the Lok Sabha constituency will be redrawn in terms of population and only then this law will be implemented. In such a situation, it cannot be implemented in 2024. However, it is expected to be implemented in 2029.

The first census will be held after 2026
However, this is not so easy and the reason for this is the constitutional amendment made during the tenure of Prime Minister Vajpayee. At that time it was decided that the first census would be held after 2026 and its data would be released and after that delimitation would be done. In this context, the first census after 2026 will be held in 2031. Then there will be Lok Sabha elections in 2034 and only then Nari Shakti Vandan Act will be implemented in that Lok Sabha.

Will have to wait for full term
As for whether this law cannot be implemented midway, then in the bill presented by the Law Minister, it is clearly written that the law will not be implemented during the tenure of the Assembly or Lok Sabha. Therefore, to implement the law, we will have to wait for the full term of the Lok Sabha.

The law cannot be implemented before 2029
In such a situation, this law cannot be implemented in the Lok Sabha under any circumstances before the 2029 elections. As far as the implementation of this law is concerned in the assembly elections, there is a provision in the bill itself that until the census is not conducted, the law will not be implemented.

Also read- Parliament Special Session: ‘I congratulate PM Modi that…’, HD Deve Gowda said on the new Parliament and women’s reservation bill.

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