Article 370: Monday (December 11) is going to be a very important day in the Supreme Court. The country’s top court is about to give its verdict on Article 370. At the same time, before the verdict on Article 370, there is both hope and sadness among the leaders and people of Kashmir. Only after the removal of Article 370, Jammu and Kashmir was divided into two union territories, one part of which became Jammu and Kashmir and the other became Ladakh.
A constitutional bench of the Supreme Court will give its verdict on several petitions. These petitions have challenged the abrogation of Article 370 in August 2019 and dividing the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories. The state of Jammu and Kashmir was given special status through Article 370. Now in such a situation, let us know what the leaders have to say before the court’s decision. What was Article 370 and how was it removed?
What did the leaders of Kashmir say before the court’s decision?
According to the report of Hindustan Times, former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Mehbooba Mufti said that the Supreme Court took five years to hear this important decision. People’s Democratic Party leader Mehbooba said, ‘The Supreme Court had said in its earlier decisions that Article 370 can be abolished only on the basis of the recommendations of the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. Any decision contrary to this process will be against the Constitution as well as the idea of India.
He said, ‘The decision given by the Supreme Court is not just about Article 370, but is going to be an important moment that will determine the future of India’s identity. I hope the Supreme Court will go beyond political changes and recognize the consequences. The former Chief Minister also appealed to the people not to lose hope. He stressed the importance of unity to secure their rights and restore their identity and dignity.
National Conference President Omar Abdullah said that he cannot say anything on the decision of the Supreme Court. The former CM said, ‘I do not have the machinery to know before taking the decision. I can only hope and pray that the decision comes in our favor. We are waiting for the decision. Once the decision comes, we will give our reaction. He said that the government needs a reason to detain us, which they have got in the form of December 11.
What is the discussion among the local people?
The local people of Jammu and Kashmir are eagerly waiting for the decision of the Supreme Court. Former government employee Rashid Khan said, ‘If we look at history, this special status should never have been taken away from us. However, now this has happened, so only the Supreme Court can give it back to us. He said that he expects a good decision on Monday.
Another local man, Tariq Ahmed, said he thought the court might have a divided decision. He said that we pray that good things happen for the people of Jammu and Kashmir on Monday. The Supreme Court’s decision to abrogate Article 370 cannot be denied.
What is Article 370?
After independence from the British in 1947, the then princely states had the option to join either India or Pakistan. Article 370 gave the right to Jammu and Kashmir to become a part of India. Article 370 was included in the Constitution of India on October 17, 1949. It worked to keep the state of Jammu and Kashmir separate from the Indian Constitution. Under this, the state gets the right to prepare its own constitution.
Jammu and Kashmir had the status of a special state under Article 370. Apart from having the power to make laws relating to defence, foreign affairs and communications, the State Assembly could make other laws. The government also needed approval from the state government after making laws on all the subjects except the three mentioned above. People from other states were not even given the right to buy land in Jammu and Kashmir.
How was Article 370 removed?
Article 370 was removed by the Central Government on August 5, 2019. Union Home Minister Amit Shah came to the Parliament and told the country about this. With the removal of Article 370, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided into two union territories, one of which became Jammu and Kashmir and the other Ladakh. While addressing the Parliament, Amit Shah had said that the provisions of Article 370 are discriminatory on the basis of gender, class, caste and place of origin. The youth are being deceived by the political elite. This provision was temporary and will have to be removed keeping in mind the interests of the people of Jammu and Kashmir.
Also read: Article 370 Abrogate: What was Article 370, how much changed in Jammu and Kashmir after its removal