Jayaprakash Narayan Birth Anniversary Special: Yes, Jaiprakash is the name of the turn of time, of youth filled with claims of limbo, earthquake, whirlwind. Jayaprakash is the name whom history gives to the Samadar, whose footprints are imprinted on it.
Many trumpets of revolution were raised against the British rule that enslaved India for hundreds of years, but even in independent India, if we discuss the movements that shook the government, it would not begin without the discussion of Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan. . Jayaprakash Narayan, who was a very special associate of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the fight for independence, considered Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi as his beloved niece.
However, when he realized that the goal of independent India with which the fight for independence was fought was going astray, he also raised the alarm against Indira. The importance of Jaiprakash for the mass movement in independent India has been described in the above lines of national poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar. Jayaprakash Narayan was born on 11 October 1902 in Saran district of Bengal province of the British Empire. Presently this area is a district of Bihar. Come, today on the special birth anniversary, let us talk about the great freedom fighter Jayaprakash Narayan becoming a folk hero.
Beginning of movement against Indira government
Had JP not been there, perhaps that form of Indira Gandhi would not have been seen and there would have been no one to stop her. Under the leadership of Jaiprakash Narayan, youth agitated against Indira in Gujarat and then in Bihar. Resignation was sought first from Bihar Chief Minister Abdul Ghafoor and later from Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who had lost the election case in the Supreme Court, due to which the conflict had increased so much that the country had to face a period of emergency.
The foundation of the most effective movement against corruption, which is hollowing out the democracy of our beloved country, was laid by none other than JP. JP took the movement away from violence and made it non-violent and implemented it as a complete revolution instead of just a strategy for change of power. However, due to the imposition of Emergency in 1975, that movement remained a movement for the return of democracy.
The second fight for independence is called JP movement.
Due to Indira’s defeat in the re-election after the Emergency, JP’s movement was called the second fight for independence. Because of that, under the leadership of JP, who had been marginalized from mainstream politics, all the opposition parties including Samajwadi, Gandhian, Jan Sanghi and Communists got confidence that they too can form the government at the Centre. This was the period from 1973 to 76 when Congress was invincible like the sky in the country but the JP movement had torn it apart.
It is claimed that after this movement of JP, the nationwide base of Jan Sangh and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was formed and riding on it, they took the reins of Delhi first in 1996 and later in 2014. There are countless such names who emerged from the JP movement like Lalu Yadav, Nitish Kumar, Mulayam Singh (late), Sharad Yadav, Dev Gowda, who became the architects of change in the country’s politics by following the path shown by JP. However, today the lack of courageous, honest and thoughtful politicians to handle the legacy of Jayaprakash is not allowing socialist ideology to flourish at the national level.
Who will handle Jayaprakash’s legacy?
What is the legacy of Jayaprakash Narayan and what is his contribution in building Indian democracy, this is the subject that needs to be explained to today’s youth. Jayaprakash Narayan initially followed the path of Gandhism. Jayaprakash was also an influence on the journey of Gandhians from Gandhi to Vinoba. From 1954 to 1972, JP was also a Sarvodaya along with Vinoba Bhav. However later he considered it a waste of time.
Jayaprakash Narayan’s legacy is inspiring because he used to talk about continuous struggle away from power and creating a new society based on socialist values of human freedom. He is a people’s leader who has carved his own path away from the docks of right wing and left wing, that is why he has been evaluated on a wide scale. He was confident that he could change the hearts of leftists and rightists together and make them revolutionaries.
The reason why Jaiprakash could register his popular presence in the Indian mind is because he fought all his struggles for altruism and not for any selfishness. He was innocent and easily trusted others.
Shaken the soul of Indian democracy in 73 years
He was arrested at the age of forty in 1942 during the Quit India Movement. Then by escaping from Hazaribagh jail on the night of Diwali on November 8, 1942, he gave sleepless nights to the British government. Then after independence, in 1974, at the age of 73, after facing the torture of jail, he awakened the soul of Indian democracy which was heading towards totalitarianism.
He was the voice of the soul of Indian democracy. That is why in 1974, describing the way he appeared as a loud voice of protest in the silence of Indian democracy, Dharamveer Bharti writes in the famous poem ‘Munadi’ –
The people belong to God, the country belongs to the country.
Hukum City Kotwal’s…
Everyone is warned
And our respective doors from inside
pull down the curtains
And don’t send children out on the street
Because a seventy-two year old man
in my trembling weak voice
He has come out on the streets speaking the truth.
A powerful introduction to who Jaiprakash was can be found in the lines written by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar after Jaiprakash Narayan was released from jail in 1946. It was read in front of lakhs of people who gathered to welcome JP at Gandhi Maidan in Patna.
He is called Jaiprakash who is not afraid of death.
Seeing the flame extinguished, he jumps into the pond himself.
Jai Prakash is the one who can never remain confined within the circle.
Your torch that burns and spreads light in the darkness.
Yes, Jaiprakash is the name of the turn of time, of Angadai.
Of youth filled with claims of earthquake, tornado,
Jai Prakash is the name given by history
Whose footprints he grows and imprints on his body.
Study of labor tax in America
Jayaprakash Narayan understood the need for education even at that time and crossed the border of India and went to America to study. Although compulsion did not leave him even there, he worked as a laborer in America and completed B.A. in many universities there. And then M.A. in Sociology. After completing his studies, he was preparing for PhD. Then due to mother’s illness I had to return home.
Wife could not stay together
Wife Prabhavati had taken a vow of celibacy under Gandhiji’s influence while living in his Sabarmati Ashram. She was not ready to accept JP’s proposals to live a normal married life and Gandhiji intervened and advised her to marry again. JP had called that argument of Gandhi ‘ruthless logic’.
JP had returned from America as a Marxist. He did not fully believe in Gandhi’s non-violent theory. He accepted the shadow of Congress under the leadership of Gandhi but also continued to believe in the underground movement.
Namboodiripad became a communist under the inspiration of JP.
EMS Namboodiripad, one of the most prominent communists of the country, had taken the decision to follow the path of Marxism not from any foreign Marxist, but from JP. It is surprising that in JP of socialist character, some people got inspiration from right wing and some got inspiration from Marxism. EMS Namboodiripad became a communist after reading the book written by Jayaprakash Narayan named ‘Why Socialism’.
Mahatma Gandhi called JP a socialist
On JP’s knowledge of socialism, Gandhiji himself has written that Jayaprakash is not an ordinary worker. He is the master of socialism and no one knows more about socialism in India than him. He breathed his last on 8 October 1979 in Patna. After that, the new age socialists who were part of his movement took different paths and were successful in forming governments in different states.
read this also :PM Modi in Lok Sabha: Referring to former Prime Ministers Nehru, Indira and Narasimha Rao… PM Modi told the achievements of his government.