Climate change behind heatwave in UP: Know when heat turns into heatwave?
<पी शैली="पाठ-संरेखण: औचित्य सिद्ध करें;">Due to heat wave in UP, the number of patients getting admitted in the hospital is continuously increasing. In a study of the Climate Shift Index, it was told that due to climate change, the chances of heat wave in Uttar Pradesh have doubled.
The Climate Shift Index is an independent American group of scientists. Climate Shift Index (CSI) is doing research on changes in temperature due to climate change.
Recently, 68 patients died in the district hospital of Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh in five days till Monday. However, officials say that only two people have died due to heat stroke. According to media reports, many people died due to the scorching heat in Deoria district as well.
Now CSE has started working on climate change connection of scorching heat. Researchers at Climate Central analyzed how much and how many times the temperature has increased from the historical average.
What does the Climate Central report say on the heat in UP?
Between 14-16 June, there was severe heat in Uttar Pradesh. In these three days, it was twice as hot as compared to every other day. According to the report, climate change was told responsible for this summer. On June 16, the temperature reached 42.2 degree Celsius in Ballia district of UP.
The CSI pointed out the serious consequences of climate change in the report. It was explained in this way.
Level-1 : Level-1 indicates a clear climate change signal.
Level 2 and 5:Level 2 and 5 mean that due to climate change, the heat has increased two to five times.
What does the report say about the heatwave in different parts of India?
Most places across India, except Uttar Pradesh, experienced severe heat wave during the same period. During this heat wave affected millions of people in India. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were the most affected. While other states like Maharashtra’s Vidarbha region, East Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana and Coastal Andhra Pradesh also recorded high temperatures.
According to the report of Climate Central, due to the rapid change in climate, the temperature also increased rapidly during the three days with high humidity. The report expressed concern that the way climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of heat waves, it will emerge as the most dangerous season.
Despite the worsening weather, a recent World Weather Attribution (WWA) study has shown that the heat action plan in India is working at a very slow pace. Friederike Otto, co-head of WWA, a panel of international experts, said there is a need to work on this all over the world, and more so in India.
According to the India Meteorological Department, heat wave conditions prevailed over East Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Chhattisgarh for about 10 days, while Odisha, Jharkhand, Telangana and North Coastal Andhra Pradesh for about 12 days. Heat web conditions persisted.
Death toll rising due to heatwave
Heatwave is very dangerous for human life. Researcher Maryam Zakaria of Imperial College London and WWA said in a report, "Excessive heat and humidity together have a very serious effect on humans. Continuously increasing urbanization and carbon emissions are becoming a threat to life.
An IMD report in May said that heat waves would increase significantly by 2060 in most parts of India. Strong hot winds will blow continuously for 12 to 18 days.
The fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said that heat waves caused by climate change have caused the most deaths in South Asian countries. The report states that a moderate increase in average temperature or a slight increase in the duration of heatwaves leads to a large increase in mortality in India. But no concrete steps are being taken.
In addition to affecting human health and livelihoods, increased temperature can lead to drastic reduction in crop yields, and also adversely affect fertility in many crops.
Heatwave conditions persist in many areas of the country
Heatwave conditions prevailed for a long time over East and Central India due to delayed monsoon. Had the monsoon arrived at its normal time, the region would have got massive relief. It is still not raining in East and Central India, humid winds from the Bay of Bengal have added to the woes.
The fact cannot be denied that the heat is increasing due to global warming. Mahesh Palawat, Vice President, Skymet Weather said in a report that "Due to these reasons, extreme weather conditions have prevailed.
Heat waves are one of the deadliest natural hazards. In this every year thousands of people around the world die due to heat.