- ‘Monkeypox’ virus was first named in 1958
- Europe and America have been most affected
- In the year 2022, cases of monkeypox have been reported in more than 80 countries of the world.
Monkeypox: The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced new names for variants of the monkeypox virus. WHO said in a statement that this is to avoid any cultural or social crime. A group of global experts convened by the WHO has decided on the new names, reports Xinhua news agency. Experts will now refer to the former Congo Basin clade in Central Africa as ‘Clade-1’ or ‘I’ and the former West African clade as ‘Clade-2’ or ‘II’.
The global health agency said new names for the clade should be used immediately. Newly identified virus related diseases and virus forms should be given names that protect any cultural, social, national, regional, professional or ethnic groups from committing crimes. Those affecting trade, travel, tourism or animal welfare. Minimize any negative effects.
How did ‘Monkeypox’ get its name?
The name ‘monkeypox’ virus was first given in 1958. The major types were identified by those geographic regions. where the outbreak occurred. The WHO officially announced in late July that the multi-country monkeypox outbreak had become a public health emergency of international concern at this time. So far, 27,814 laboratory-confirmed cases have been reported in 89 countries and territories around the world, according to the WHO’s status report on monkeypox outbreaks published on Wednesday. There have been 11 deaths due to this disease, with Europe and America being the most affected.
More outbreaks in the UK and Europe
In the year 2022, cases of monkeypox have been reported in more than 80 countries of the world. Most of these cases are in countries that have never had monkeypox before. Although monkeypox is not contagious like many respiratory infections (such as COVID-19), it is important to prevent its spread. One way to control the spread is to vaccinate vulnerable people. We already have vaccines that are very effective in preventing monkeypox. But as cases continue to rise, there are reports that demand for the vaccine is exceeding supply in many parts of the world currently seeing outbreaks, including the US, UK and Europe.
What are the reasons for the lack of a vaccine?
There are several reasons for the lack of a vaccine used to protect against monkeypox. Largely, this is due to chronic vulnerabilities in our global vaccine manufacturing and delivery systems, making it particularly difficult to supply the vaccines needed to protect against new infections and outbreaks. The vaccine currently being used to protect against monkeypox is the smallpox vaccine, which works because the monkeypox virus is very closely related to smallpox.
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